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The Ghana Teacher Licensure Examination, GTLE, is the credentialing examination of the National Teaching Council, NTC, for pre-tertiary teachers in Ghana. Every successful candidate in the examination receives the Professional Teacher's Licence, which testifies to the world that the holder has met all the standards for the profession. Those standards include the knowledge, values, attitudes and skills necessary to facilitate learning by learners in the pre-tertiary educational institutions of Ghana. Possession of the licence is evidence of professional standing and authorization for teaching in Ghana. The credentialing examination is an assessment of every teacher who has completed their initial training at a college of education or a teacher training university against the National Teachers' Standards. The National Teachers' Standards are concise statements of what teachers ought to know, be, and be able to do; their purpose is to improve the quality of teachers' delivery and students' performance. Every beginning teacher must apprise themselves of the contents of the requirements and expectations of the standards and understand that they provide the framework for their future professional and career development. If the trainee teacher understands that the standards underpin what they learn while in college, they will realize that every class attendance, action of learning, and field experience during their pre-service training is a preparatory event for this capstone examination towards full professionalization. The examination tests the proficiency of the trained teacher in essential professional skills and their literacy in English grammar, essay writing and in comprehension. It also assesses the teacher's understanding and use of basic computational skills for everyday purposes.

HISTORY

The Government of Ghana announced the teacher professionalization programme in 2016, with the GTLE as a capstone event for every teacher who successfully completes a college of education or a teacher training university of education. This was eight years after the Parliament of Ghana had passed the enabling legislation, ACT 778, 2008. Though the professionalization programme covers in-service teachers as well, they do not need to write the GTLE. They go through different processes to become professionals. The GTLE is a six-monthly event. It was premiered in September 2018. Since then five other such examinations have been organised by the NTC, with a candidate success rate of between 67% and 79% (the average is 73%). The last one came off in May 2021. The format of each of the three papers has remained the same. Essential Professional Skills tests the teacher in the areas of professional values and attitudes, professional knowledge and professional practice. These three areas are essentially the teaching body of knowledge the trained teacher is taught in college. It is a 1 hour and 15 minute paper of 60 multiple choice questions. Paper 2, which is Literacy Skills, tests the teacher in the areas of language comprehension, and essay writing including a 30-item multiple choice grammar test. The third paper, Numeracy Skills, tests the proficiency of the teacher in basic computation skills in the areas of algebra, statistics and probability, geometry and measurement, and number operations. Both the Literacy Skills and Numeracy Skills papers allow 30 minutes for the multiple choice test and 45 minutes for the constructed-response or written-response portions. The written-response portion of a paper has always required the candidate to answer two or more compulsory questions.

EVENTS

Key milestones of the programme of teacher professionalization in Ghana include:
  1. March 2008: Legislation, ACT 778 Passed by Parliament
  2. February 2010: Processes for Policy Started
  3. October 2013: Draft Policy Launcehd
  4. February 2016: National Teachers' Standards Launched
  5. May 2016 Ghana Education Service Announces the Programme
  6. May 2018: National Teaching Council Inaugurated 
  7. September 2018: First GTLE - 28,788 candidates; Pass Rate was 73.9%
  8. March 2019: Second GTLE - 12,076 candidates; Pass Rate was 67.0%
  9. September 2019; Third GTLE - 34,724 candidates; Pass Rate was 78.2%
  10. June 2020: Fourth GTLE - 14,512 candidates; Pass Rate was 77.0%
  11. October 2020: Fifth GTLE - 27,455 candidates; Pass Rate was 69.3%
  12. May 2021: Sixth GTLE - 27,695 candidates; Pass Rate was 23.0%
  13. October 2021: Seventh GTLE - 14,223 candidates; Pass Rate
  14. Projection: Eigth GTLE - March 2022

REGULATION

NATIONAL TEACHING COUNCIL, NTC

Regulator

The National Teaching Council, NTC, oversees the professional development of teachers in Ghana. It came into existence by an ACT of the Parliament of the Republic of Ghana, ACT 778, in 2008. In Section 9 of the ACT its broad functions include advising the Minister for Education about the employment of teachers, overseeing teacher professionalism and administering the continuing education of teachers. In the process it recommends to the Minister professional standards required for the profession, periodically reviews the professional practice and ethical standards for teachers and teaching, and administers the registration and licensing of teachers in Ghana. The organization’s fifteen-member board consists of representatives of educational stakeholders including the Conference of Heads of Colleges of Education, Ministry of Education, Teacher Unions, and Conference of District Directors of Education. Others include the National Inspectorate Board, Conference of Managers of Education Units, Teacher Training Universities, and Industry and Commerce. The rest include National Council for Tertiary Education, Council for Technical Vocational Education and Training, and others appointed by the President of the Republic. The President of the Republic also appoints the Chairman of the council.

NATIONAL TEACHERS' STANDARDS

Teachers' Code of Practice, GTLE Reference

The National Teachers’ Standards represents the first ever collectively agreed standards to guide teacher preparation and practice in Ghana. The Standards are a professional tool that guides teacher educators, teachers, student teachers and other stakeholders in education to identify in clear and precise terms what teachers should know and be able to do, qualities they should possess and some behaviours they should exhibit. The Standards set a clear baseline of expectations for the professional development - knowledge, practice, conduct, attitudes, rights and obligations - of teachers working in schools at the pre-tertiary level. The NTC assesses all teachers completing their initial teacher training against the National Teachers’ Standards. These Standards seek to improve the quality of teachers’ delivery and students’ performance and should therefore be a reference tool for student teachers, teacher educators and practicing teachers. It should also be an invaluable baseline to head teachers, mentors, school inspectors and all who are working at training student teachers. The Standards also enable teacher educators and others to direct their efforts appropriately to the areas student teachers need the most support. The National Teachers' Standards, which was launched in February 2016, is downloadable from the website of the National Teaching Council.

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION (MoE)

Regulator

The Ministry of Education (MoE) was established in 1957 to formulate and coordinate education policies, set standards, and monitor and evaluate their implementation. The MoE works to ensure that quality education is accessible for all Ghanaians, in order to support human capital and national development. The MoE is committed to ensuring that all Ghanaians are prepared to succeed in the world of work. It achieves this through the development of an educational system that focuses on promoting problem solving and creativity and building critical skills through academic, technical, and vocational programs.

EXAM CENTERS

HOLY CHILD COE

Holy Child College of Education (French: Collège d'éducation de Saint Enfant) is a women's college of education in Takoradi (Sekondi Takoradi Metro District, Western Region, Ghana). The college is located in the Central / Western zone. It is one of 46 public colleg...

WIAWSO COE

The Wiawso College of Education (French: Collège d'éducation Wiawso) is a teacher education college in the Sefwi-Wiawso District, Western North Region, Ghana. The college participated in the DFID-funded T-TEL programme. It is affiliated with the University of Educa...

ST. FRANCIS COE, HOHOE

St. Francis College of Education is a teacher education college in Hohoe (Hohoe Municipal District, Volta Region, Ghana). The college is located in Volta Zone. It is one of the 46 public colleges of education in Ghana. The college participated in the DFID-funded T-TEL programme....

NJA COE

Nusrat Jahan Ahmadiyya College of Education is a teacher education college in Wa (Wa Municipal District, Upper West Region, Ghana) established in 1982. The college is located in the Northern Zone. It is one of the 46 colleges of education in Ghana. The college participated in th...

ST. JOHN BOSCO’S COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, NAVRONGO

St. John Bosco's College of Education is a teacher education college in Navrongo (Kassena Nankana East District, Upper East Region, Ghana) set up in 1946 with 10 male students. The college is located in the Northern Zone. It is one of the 46 public colleges of education in Ghana...

Presbyterian Women's College of Education (PWCE), ABURI

Presbyterian Women's College of Education formerly Aburi Women's Teacher Training College is an all-female college of education, Aburi in the Eastern Region Ghana. The college was established by the Basel missionaries in 1928. The school's first principal was Ms Elsie McKillican...

Presbyterian College of Education, (PCE), Akropong

The Presbyterian College of Education, Akropong, is a co-educational teacher-training college in Akropong in the Akwapim district of the Eastern Region of Ghana. It has gone through a series of previous names, including the Presbyterian Training College, the Scottish Mission Tea...

ACCRA COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

Accra College of Education is a teacher education college in Accra (Accra Metro, Greater Accra, Ghana). The college is located in the Eastern / Greater Accra zone. It is one of the 46 Public Colleges of Education. The college participated in the DFID-funded T-TEL programme. As o...

SDA COLLEGE, ASOKORE

The S.D.A College of Education was established by the government in collaboration with the SDA Church in 1962 with 120 students. The College is about 84 kilometres from Accra, Ghana’s capital. It has an area of 35.9 hectares (about 88.75 acres). The College has the vision ...

OUR LADY OF APOSTLES (OLA COE), CAPE COAST

Our Lady of Apostles (OLA) College of Education, formerly known as OLA Training College, is the premier women’s college in Ghana and the whole of sub-Saharan Africa. It was established by the Missionary Sisters of Our Lady of Apostles (a Catholic Missionary Order). OLA Col...

NEW EXAM CENTRE, UCC

The New Exam centre situated at the University of Cape Coast is one of the venues where the National Teaching Council(NTC) has tasked to be one of the exam centres for the Ghana Teacher Licensure Examinations(GTLE).

SUNYANI TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

The Sunyani Technical University (formally known as Sunyani Polytechnic) is a public tertiary institution in the Bono Region of Ghana. The Sunyani Technical University was established as a Technical Institute in 1967, as a non-tertiary institution, under the Ghana Education Serv...

WEST AFRICAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL (WAEC)

West African Examinations Council (WAEC) is an examination board established by law to determine the examinations required in the public interest in the English-speaking West African countries, to conduct the examinations and to award certificates comparable to those of equivale...

KNUST (CASLEY HAYFORD BUIDLING)

The Casely Hayford building situated at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) is one of the venues where the National Teaching Council(NTC) has tasked to be one of the exam centres for the Ghana Teacher Licensure Examinations(GTLE).

KNUST (COLLEGE OF SCIENCE)

The College of Science is one of six colleges of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST). Originally established as the Faculty of Science in 1961, the College assumed its current status, following the restructuring of the University into six colleges in D...

KNUST (COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING)

The College of Engineering is one of the six colleges of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, in Kumasi, Ghana. It was established in October 1952 to prepare students for professional qualifications only. It has since grown and expanded and now as a college ru...

ST. LOUIS COLLEGE

St. Louis College of Education is a teacher education college in Kumasi (Kumasi Metro District, Ashanti Region, Ghana). The college is located in the Ashanti / Brong Ahafo zone. It is one of the 46 public colleges of education in Ghana. The college participated in the DFID-funde...

UEW, KUMASI CAMPUS

The University of Education, Winneba (UEW) is a university in Winneba, Central Region of Ghana. It was established in 1992 by a government ordinance (PNDC Law 322) and with a relationship with the University of Cape Coast. Its main...