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  • 1. Oti: "What is the GTLE?"

    Oti, The Ghana Teacher Licensure Examination, GTLE, is the capstone assessment that every trained teacher must pass. It is one of the professionalization requirements for qualified graduates of the colleges of education or teacher training universities to obtain a professional license. The National Teaching Council, the administrator of the examination, designates the registration deadlines, examination centers and examination dates. The examination dates are usually in March and September.
       An examination consists of three papers - Essential Professional Skills, Literacy Skills and Numeracy skills. A candidate must obtain passes in all the three papers to be successful in the examination; the pass mark for a paper is 50 percent. A candidate may resit a paper three times. Failure to achieve a pass in all the three papers after three resits disqualifies an individual from pursuing teaching as a career.
       The three papers test knowledge of materials including the GTLE Course Outline and ACT 778 Section 9, which is the establishment legislation for the National Teaching Council and its work of teacher proifessionalization in Ghana. Other materials include the Professional Development Guide for Tutors, the National Teachers' Standards for Ghana, and all the Textbooks that contain the knowledge the trained teacher acquired while in a college or university of education.
       The formats of the three papers remain the same. Essential Professional Skills tests the teacher in the areas of professional values and attitudes, professional knowledge and professional practice. These three areas are essentially the teaching body of knowledge the trained teacher is taught in college. It is a 1 hour and 15 minute paper of 60 multiple choice questions. Paper 2, which is Literacy Skills, tests the teacher in the areas of language comprehension, and essay writing including a 30-item multiple choice grammar test. The third paper, Numeracy Skills, tests the proficiency of the teacher in basic computation skills in the areas of algebra, statistics and probability, geometry and measurement, and number operations. Both the Literacy Skills and Numeracy Skills papers allow 30 minutes for the multiple choice test and 45 minutes for the constructed-response or written-response portions. The written-response portion of a paper usually requires the candidate to answer two or more compulsory questions.

  • 2. Saa: "Why is the GTLE important?"

    Saa, The GTLE is important for many reasons. Upon successful completion of a training programme in teacher preparation at a college of education or teacher training university, the candidate who passes the GTLE obtains a certificate from the National Teaching Council, NTC. That certificate is a license that attests to the world that the holder has mastered a standard teaching body of knowledge, has acquired the necessary attitudes and values, and understands the rights and obligations of teachers working in schools at the pre-tertiary level in Ghana. It also confers international regognition on the holder.
       Teacher professionalization assures educational stakeholders of the quality of teachers and teaching in Ghana and abroad. It creates trust, which assures the public and policy makers that professional teachers are fit to teach and are up to standard technically and morally. Teacher hiring organizations and other consumers of teaching services such as parents would no longer need to survey and authenticate the ability of a teacher but would rely on a licesnsed teacher to successfully transfer knowledge to and groom the child.
       Licensure creates the labour market conditions required to hire and retain an adequate supply of good teachers. Licensing boosts the confidence of society in the teaching profession just as it has in others such as law, medicine, engineering, and pharmacy. Professional teachers have reasonable bases to negotiate better conditions of service. Licensure also gives teachers the opportunity to rub shoulders with other professionals during negotiations and retain the respect of all educational stakeholders.
       Licensing ensures that the professional remains ethically inclined to the code of conduct since a license can be revoked in case of teacher misconduct. License renewal affords the NTC avenues to track the conduct of a professional teacher and helps rid the profession of unsuitable individuals who get into the profession. Additionally the possession of a license secures job security for the teacher. Teachers with licenses will escape redundancies anytime the Ministry of Education embarks on a drive to strengthen standards of education in Ghana since the educational system still has many untrained teachers at the pre-tertiary levels.
       Conducting an examination is not the only way by which the NTC may license teachers in Ghana. What is important is to ensure that whatever methods a licensing authority uses are universal, fair and consistent; such methods should also be valid and predictable. The system involving the GTLE provides a standardized, transparent and reliable approach that is to be treasured.

  • 3. Esi: "Who is eligible for the GTLE?"

    Esi, Those who qualify, or are eligible, to take the GTLE as of May 2021, include:
    1. Fresh Candidates - All candidates who have passed their final year examinations at the Colleges of Education or at the Teacher Training Universities. They include those who hold the Diploma in Basic Education (DBE), Bachelor of Education (BEd.) or a Post Graduste Diploma in Education; 
    2. Re-sit Candidates - Candidates who wrote the Ghana Teacher Licensure Examination in the past and were not sucessful in some or all the papers; and
    3. Special Candidates - This class of candidates may be defined from time to time by the NTC. You may contact the NTC Secretariat for further details.

  • 4. Abu: "Is the GTLE difficult?"

    Abu, The GTLE, like all professional licensure examinations, is not designed to be a difficult exam. Its purpose is to assess the readiness of the individual trained teacher, to do his or her job, with the National Teachers' Standards for Ghana as the becnchmark. The National Teachers' Standards for Ghana is the teaching code of practice for the pre-tertialy levels of education.
       The exam is a summative assessment of the trained teacher's intellectual, technical and moral preparation for the job, particularly in Ghana. It has never been difficult for the trained teacher who took college work, including pre-service assignments, seriously. That is supported by the pass rates achieved so far in the GTLE examinations conducted by the National Teaching Council - between 67 and 78 percent.
       For any candidate, the examination will be easy when, in their preparation, they focus on the code of practice and related documents with the published examination outline as a guide. The candidate will also benefit from a review of the teaching body of knowledge with a tool such as this GTLE product in the PortaPrep suite of examination applications.

  • 5. Ama: "How does this GTLE Application help me?"

    Ama, This GTLE application helps the prospective exam taker to prepare for all the three papers. Using it is the user's best preparation for the GTLE. It gives the user insights, reviews and strategies for the question types featured in the actual exam. It does not only help the user to pass the GTLE but also makes them better prepared to teach at the pre-tertiary level in Ghana. 
       The application provides simulated PRACTICE TESTs and simulated MOCK Exams. These two types of simulation are exact replicas of the GTLE in terms of content areas, difficulty levels, question types, formats and timing. It keeps detailed records of a user's performance, in every simulation, and presents them in summary (My PrepSpace menu items such as graphs and averages) and detailed (Results menu item) versions. The system analyses each simulated exam a user takes and gives the user a report that pinpoints his or her areas of weakness. Once a user knows their areas of weakness they may then select and try questions in those areas, through the PinPointing feature, just to hone their skills there. The product divides the GTLE content into 15 domains (content areas) and 10 subdivisions for each domain. Thus potentially a user may sharpen his or her skills in 150 different skill areas. The present product defines 8 skill areas for Essential Professional Skills, 14 skill areas for Literacy Skills and 16 skill areas for Numeracy Skills.
       The system explains the answer to each question, which the user can access either through the REVIEW Mode or when using the PinPointing feature. The system keeps a record of every simulated test the user takes for further REVIEWs and RETAKEs. The user may print any test of their choice for use in any way they deem useful. 
       The application provides facilities for a user to work collaboratively with other learners in conversations and other exchanges using its camera, chat, discussion and document exchange features. Furthermore users may chat with subject specialists either in groups or as individuals.

  • 6. Eno: "What tools may I use to study?"

    Eno, Tools abound for preparing for the GTLE including the following: 
    1. Teaching Body of Knowledge - Your most foundational tool is the knowledge you acquire in the three or four years you spend under the tutelage of teacher trainers in college or university. The knowledge you receive from your instructors and textbooks, so long as it is in alignment with the National Teachers' Standards for Ghana, is very relevant for the GTLE;
    2. Exam Prep Texts - Secondly, get good textbooks written specifically to help you navigate the process of preparation. An example of such a range of textbooks is the GTLE in a Book series written by the editorial team of PortaPrep; 
    3. Learning Group - Join a learning group of trained teachers preparing for the exam. Through these groups, you will discover materials that you may not encounter working alone. Group discussions could also help you gain new insights; seeing the materials from others' perspectives will help you to better formulate your understanding of the course content. With the PortaPrep suite of applications you could learn collaboratively with your compatriots in real time using the zoom-like features and functions of some of the products. An encoraging development these days is the springing up of online learning groups during the preparatory time for an exam. Consult with your colleague to-be-examinees and you can always find one or more such groups to join;
    4. Simulation Application - Get a good software application such as the GTLE Application or the PQE Application of PortaPrep. With such a tool, you could from time to time during your preparation do simulations to check your state of preparedness. Users of this GTLE application acclaim its efficacy;
    5. Internet Device - You also need a computing device such as a laptop, tablet or smartphone for trying simulations, accessing the internet, sharing learning materials with other would-be examinees and engaging with other GTLE stakeholders remotely. The computer will facilitate your accessing the internet for simulations and other online resources, conversations, data exchange, browsing and blogging;
    6. Internet Access - The internet has good practice materials from countries such as the United Kingdom, the State of Florida in the USA, the Philippines and Nigeria whose examinations feature content similar to what the NTC uses; visit useful websites during the period of preparation to be abreast with developments regarding the examinations. These websites include those of the NTC, Avenue Ghana, GH Students, etc.;
    7. Recommendations - Finally, let the recommendations from people who have already taken the GTLE be sources of guidance for you.
    8. Reference Tools - Your reference tools for preparation include the National Teachers’ Standards for Ghana, Professional Development Guide for Tutors, GTLE Exam Outline, ACT 778 Section 9, publications of the NTC including the database of model questions and answers when it becomes available, etc.

  • 7. Yaw: "How may I prepare for the GTLE?"

    Dear Yaw, Several would-be GTLE examinees have asked the same question. The question of preparation is indeed a very important one.
       A distinguished authority once asked, “Who among you will embark on a journey without first counting the cost?” When we apply this question to preparing for the GTLE, this often-quoted figure argues that your exam preparation efforts will be most effective if you coordinate them well from the start. Planning and carrying out the plan are everything – assess what to learn, schedule it, plot how to learn, learn according to your plot, practice taking the exam, and eventually, go and ace it. 
       Your planning must begin with a knowledge of what your exam covers, the exam format, the reference tools you need, and any other resources necessary for success. You may find what the exam covers in the document titled Guidelines and Procedures for the Licensure Examination for Teachers, issued by the NTC and obtainable from the NTC website. You get the full scope of the exam when you interpret the guidelines in the context of the National Teachers’ Standards for Ghana. This GTLE application does that for you by identifying 15 examination domains and 22 skill areas, which it addresses comprehensively.
       Now that you know the exam content and format, create a game plan of what you need to cover and when you need to cover them, with a target minimum score for each paper in mind. With the exam dates in mind, it is helpful to schedule early and figure out how much time you will need to study each day to stay on track. The plan should make room for regular and consistent study, including a period of examination trials or simulations. The plan should also cover your environments of learning, learning resources, the timing of collaborations with other learners, and the management of your relationships and other engagements during the period of preparation. For the serious college student, a preparation period of between six and ten weeks is usually adequate.
       Next, acquire or gather all the tools you need to study. That should include the GTLE course outline, your teacher training course notes, GTLE model questions (some are available on the internet), study guides such as PortaPrep’s GTLE in a Book, and a great simulation tool such as this GTLE Application. The GTLE application can help you in two principal ways. Firstly, you may use it to hone your skills in a skill area after you have studied content in that area. Secondly, you may use it to simulate full-blown trial tests.
       Having made a schedule and acquired all the inputs to learning for the GTLE, the rest of the work will involve the application of the principles and techniques of learning to what you need to cover. Find below some of the most important learning principles:
    1. Your brain – The most fundamental learning instrument is your brain. It must be healthy; a healthy body supports a healthy brain; to that end while studying, do not forget to relax, have a healthy sleep routine, exercise (daily 20 minute dancing, jogging or brisk walking) and have balanced nutrition. Beyond the exam, do well to stay physically and mentally fit as a professional during your career;
    2. Primacy and recency – Learn in intervals of (20-50 minutes) interspersed with shorter periods (5 – 10 minutes) of rest for your brain. 
    3. Routinize – Systematic, consistent, regular learning should be preferred over cramming, which is not helpful to knowledge retention;
    4. Practice – Repeated practise, which helps in cementing knowledge in long-term memory, is to be preferred to touch-and-go events; you may make and use flash cards, crossword puzzles, and word and concept matching games to practise; solve problems, do as much drill-and-practise as you can, etc. Do frequent pinpoints with the GTLE Application; also REVIEW and RETAKE tests to improve your performance;
    5. Learning modes – Multimodal learning aids the memory better than single mode learning; join a discussion group, teach your fellow learners and let them teach you, read aloud to yourself sometimes, create and answer your own questions, write responses to questions, act out concepts, relate what you learn to your context and what you know already, etc. The DISCUSSION menu item of the application allows you to collaborate with other learners. In multimodal learning you engage as many faculties as possible including reading, speaking, smelling and listening. Others involve movement, sensing, thinking and feeling. The rest include touching, seeing, hearing and tasting, etc.

  • 8. Naa: "How may I register for the GTLE?"

    Naa, You may register for the GTLE through the following five-step process:
    1. Present your details – ascertain that your college or university has your details for the NTC.
    2. Confirm your status - verify your details by logging onto the NTC site to be sure that the NTC indeed has your details.
    3. Access the registration form - during the designated registration period, go to any GCB branch to purchase an e-voucher for the online registration. When purchasing the voucher, let the bank know whether you are a first timer or are re-sitting the exam. When re-sitting, you must indicate the number of re-sit papers. As of May 2021, the fee for a fresh examinee was GHS280.00 for all the three papers. You pay GHS150.00 for a single re-sit paper, GHS250 for two papers and GHS280.00 for all three papers. You may make your payments through the short code *772*51# on the mobile money platform. You have to keep carefully the e-voucher serial number and PIN, which you will receive via sms, for exam registration, and for later use.
    4. Complete the registration form - the next step will involve completing the online registration form by logging onto the NTC site. Next, click on the Ghana Teacher Licensure Examination (GTLE) link and enter your e-voucher serial number and PIN.  Thereafter, you will have to fill in all the fields and upload your passport-size photograph. It is important to remember that the NTC will not accept any requests for change of photograph after the examination.
    5. Submit your application - with that completed, review the information and submit your application. It is important that you submit your completed application before the NTC’s deadline.
    6. Print your application - finally print a copy of your submission for keeps.

  • 9. Aba: "What should I bring to the exam hall?"

    Aba, The GTLE is a paper-based exam as you know. As a result, you need to bring a few things along when entering the examination hall. I will also metion things, which though not allowed, candidates tend to sometimes bring along to the exam hall.
    1. Things to Have - when coming to write the examination bring along a Mathematics Set that contains a ruler, a pair of dividers, a compass, a protractor, set squares, an eraser, two long shrpened HB or 2B pencils, a short sharpened pencil for the compass and two writing pens of blue ink; I strongly recommend your bringing along a sharpener for the pencils;
    You may also bring along an electronic calculator of the silent, cordless and non-programmable (Makola) type. Scientific calculators are not allowed;
    2. Forbidden Things - you will not be allowed to bring to the examination hall any mobile phone, smart device or computer whether switched on or off. Additionally you will not be allowed to take into the examination hall any textbooks, study notes, plain pieces of paper or any other type of personal belonging you will not need for the examination;
    3. Responsibility - The exam administrator, NTC, does not accept responsibility for any property you leave at the examination precincts so ensure that your bags, mobile phones, etc. are securely kept during the examination. If your exam center does not have secure storage, leave such items at home, with a friend on campus or in your car if possible.

  • 10. Paa: "What is the format of a GTLE MCQ?"

    Paa, The multiple choice questions, MCQs, on the GTLE come in distinctive types. Generally, the 120 multiple choice questions require various levels of cognitive effort, which reflect the classroom imperative to promote critical thinking among the learners you will be guiding in the future. You will encounter three basic types of questions: 
    1. Direct Question - your task will be to select the option that best answers the question; this question type tends to be academic or theoretical in nature;
    2. Sentence Completion - your task will be to select the option that best completes the sentence; 
    3. Scenario Based Question - this type requires you to evaluate a situation, problem or case study and select the option that answers a question, makes a diagnosis or offers a recommended course of action - involving the application of theoretical concepts.
    Each question presents the examinee with four answer choices labeled A, B, C, and D. You have 75 minutes to complete the 60 questions in the Essential Professional Skills Test and 30 minutes to complete the 30 quetions of each of the Numeracy Skills and Literacy Skills papers.
    Each Practice Test of this GTLE Application has about the same mix of direct and scenario-based questions, while the Mock Exam has predominantly scenario-based questions. The Mock Exam of this application, for each paper, is a perfect simulation of an actual GTLE paper.

  • 11. Aso: "Can I, or should I, guess on the exam?"

    Aso, Why not? There is no penalty for guessing so guess if you have to. First, you may need to eliminate some of the options to increase your chances of choosing the right answer. Do not leave any question unanswered - you always have, at least, a 25 percent chance of guessing correctly in a GTLE multiple choice question.